Royal Institution – 14 Nobel Prize wins came from inside its walls as well as the discovery of ten chemical elements
Royal Institution was founded 200 years back to introduce new technologies and teach science to the general public through lectures and demonstrations. The careers of Michael Faraday and Humphry Davy are closely connected with this great institution.
Watch the full video with related content here : Just-a-theory
14 Nobel Prize wins came from inside its walls as well as the discovery of ten chemical elements. The small museum in the basement is always opened to the public free of charge.
Necessity Inspire Invention- The founding of the Institution in 1799 was the war with France and the increasing industrialisation that had occurred in Britain during the preceding century. The war, which would continue for a further sixteen years, meant that Britain had very restricted access to Continental markets and was forced to rely on its own resources. To help overcome this problem, the Institution was seen as a place where scientific knowledge could be practically applied to agricultural improvement, industrialisation and the consolidation of the Empire. And The Royal Institution was founded at a meeting on 7 March 1799 at the Soho Square house of the President of the Royal Society, Joseph Banks (1743-1820).
Key discoveries from this Institution:
1807 – Davy isolates sodium and potassium
1808 – Davy discovers calcium, magnesium, boron and barium
1815 – Davy and Faraday work on miners’ safety lamp
1821 – Faraday discovers electro-magnetic rotations
1823 – Faraday liquifies gasses for the first time
1825 – Faraday isolates and identifies benzene
1831 – Faraday discovers electro-magnetic induction and creates the first electric generator and transformer
1834 – Faraday introduces scientific terms such as eletrode, cathode, anode and ion.
1836 – Faraday creates and tests the Faraday Cage
1845 – Faraday discovers the magneto-optical effect, leading to the development of field theory of electromagnetism
1860s – Tyndall works on radiant heat and discovers what is now known as the ‘greenhouse effect’.
1892 – Dewar invents the ‘thermos’ flask
1894 – Rayleigh and Sir William Ramsay isolate argon
1896 – Davy Faraday Research Laboratory is opened
1898 – Dewar creates liquid hydrogen for the first time
1899 – Dewar creates solid hydrogen
1923-1942 – Research into the structure of organic compounds
1925 – Kathleen Lonsdale identifies the structure of benzene
1954-66 – Research into the structure of organic compounds
1958 – Structure of myoglobin determined
1959 – Structure of haemoglobin determined
1960s – Structure of lysozyme determined
1966-1986 – Photo-chemical research
1960s – Use of very early laser in experiments
1986-2008 – Physical chemistry and materials science
2008 – Healthcare biomagnetics etc. etc.
Indeed this will be a great visit.
(Main Source: History, discoveries & video from The RI website)